Code Organization in Functional Programming vs Object Oriented Programming

Introduction

A co-worker asked about code organization in Functional Programming. He’s working with a bunch of Java developers in Node for a single AWS Lambda, and they’re using the same style of classes, various design patterns, and other Object Oriented Programming ways of organizing code. He wondered if they used Functional Programming via just pure functions, how would they organize it?

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Easier Asynchronous State Modelling in React Redux or Hooks

Introduction

Modelling state for asynchronous actions in React using Redux via thunks or sagas is verbose. It requires a lot of code. It also is easy to accidentally miss flipping one of the values and result in a wrong state that your UI then shows the wrong thing. Thankfully there are ways to use Algebraic Data Types to model this state that results in less code in your reducers, whether in Redux or Hooks’ useReducer, as well as in your components. Below we’ll show the 3 problems modelling using Objects can cause and how to solve them using ADT’s.

All code shown below is on Github. The masterbranch has the Object way of modelling, and the types branch has the ADT solutions.

Most of the post below is based on prior art from Making Impossible States Impossible by Richard Feldman, and Solving the Boolean Identity Crisis by Jeremy Fairbank. Like Redux, stolen from Elm.

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